Before trying to peep into the android version names, it’s vital to know basic details about Android. Android is an operating system designed for smart phones, tablets, television, game consoles, computers, digital cameras. Firstly, Android Inc., company developed a new operating system. Google bought this company in 2005. Moreover android is a refined version of Linux which is also open source software.
Android comes under open source, the devices which use them can customize the operating system to suit them and thus provide versions for their releases. Henceforth every version is thus associated with a number and ever since the release of Android 1.5, a name is appended to denote the new version. Google names all its android versions after desserts from version 1.5. Time to discuss android version names a to z list and its features.
The Initial Android versions – 1.0 to 1.1
Android 1.0 was released in the year 2008 in HTC mobile. Furthermore this version was not given any name by Google. Android called this version 1.1 as Petit Four with bugs resolved from 1.0 version. Both these versions do not exist anymore due to increased versioning.
Features of android version 1.0 and 1.1
- Allows application download even in the initial version
- Includes Apps like Gmail, Google Maps, Google Calendar, Google Search, Google Talk in them.
Cupcake – Android version 1.5
The idea of naming the android version names as desserts started from 1.5 versions. Moreover this update includes many User interface changes. Nowadays Google does not support cupcake version.
Features of Android version 1.5
- This is first version to support third party keyboards virtually that goes with text prediction. Additionally dictionary is added for custom words.
- Presence of copy paste feature in browsers.
- Came with video recording features.
- Moreover facility to upload videos to youtube and pictures to picassa made it popular.
Donut – Android version 1.6
Donut was released in the year 2009 based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. Furthermore many relatively high end attributes were added to it. But google stopped its support to this version due to its many more latest version predominantly used.
Features of Android version 1.6
- Solves the reboot errors of the previous version
- Allows better photo and video capturing. Furthermore, Gallery, Camcorder was fully consolidated to provide easy and quicker camera access.
- Additionally, it supports larger screen sizes.
- Introduced speech recognition which paved way for android application to speak out texts.
Eclairs- Android version 2.0-2.1
Android released version 2.0 in 2009 and 2.1 in 2010 with minor changes. Both are denoted as Éclairs which comes under android version names. Linux kernel 2.6.29 is the base for this release. This version is not assisted by Google hereon.
Features of Android version 2.0- 2.1
- Supports major development by adding Bluetooth 2.1
- User can select to either call or SMS or even email by choosing a contact
- In the same way, it introduced new features in camera like digital zooming, white balance, color effects, focus etc
- Inclusion of live wall papers made this version real trendy.
- Furthermore, version 2.1 provided meager bug fixes in API.
Froyo- Android version 2.2
Froyo is short name for frozen yogurt. This arrived in just four months after éclairs. Currently Google does not support this version.
Features of Android version 2.2
- This version saw optimizations in memory and performance.
- Enabling of Push notifications.
- Supports major innovation of using Wi-Fi hotspot and USB tethering.
- Supports Adobe Flash from this version.
- Additionally, supports voice actions using which directions can be sought, notes can be written and saved.
Gingerbread- Android version 2.3
Gingerbread version started its move in Nexus mobile developed by Google. Ideally they form the first version to showcase an Easter egg. Predominantly green with black colors became the background. Google stopped supporting this version.
Features of Android version 2.3
- Introduction of download manger happened in this version.
- Game developers celebrated this version as it had enhancement in audio and graphics.
- Additionally, it supports Front facing camera.
- Moreover, users can choose to select a word by long press and upgrade copy-paste options.
Honeycomb- Android version 3.0
Honeycombsdk was released on 2011 based on Linux Kernel 2.6.36. The key factor of this version is that the update was made for tablet. This android version name formed an image of a bumblebee named Tron. Google does not support this version anymore.
Features of Android version 3.0
- Honeycomb’s features forms the base for many tablets as it provided support for holographic user interface.
- Firstly, this version simplifies multitasking by allowing users to traverse from one application to another.
- Secondly, it supports multi-core processors too.
- Moreover, it added functionalities like Action Bar, System Bar in this version.
- Redesigned the keyboards to support large screen size of the tablet.
Ice Cream Sandwich- Android version 4.0
Linux kernel 3.0.1 became the base for the android name Ice cream sandwich. This was the final version to support Adobe Flash Players. Moreover, this version introduced Google Play store which merged the android market with Google music and Google ebook store. Currently Google does not support this version.
Features of Android version 4.0
- Holo interface underwent many changes to accommodate Roboto fonts.
- Like applications, widget got separated into a new tab
- Added Drag and drop style folder creation.
- Further, this version used face recognition software for unlocking handsets.
- Additionally, added a built in photo editor along with provisions for panorama mode, time lapse features in the camera.
- Moreover, this version added video recording of over 1080 pixels for stock android devices.
Jelly Bean- Android version 4.1
Jelly bean was born in 2012 making it a popular android name. Enhancementcontinued in the area of notifications in this version. Jelly bean is no more supported by Google.
Features of Android version 4.1
- Multiple user accounts can be used in tablets
- Users can turn off notifications. They can react to Actionable Notifications without jumping to the app.
- Introduction of gestures, double tapping and triple tapping features. These benefited blind users.
Kit Kat- Android version 4.4
Android 4.4 was initially named as Key Lime Pie. Due to its unfamiliarity, Google changed the name to KitKat. Along with this version Google released Wear OS too to be run in smart watches. Support is stopped by Google for this Kitkat version too.
Features of Android version 4.4
- Introduction of Wireless Printing.
- Movement of all the UI transitions to a new framework.
- Further, users can set defaults for their launcher apps and text messaging.
- Supports GPS and music enhancement via Bluetooth for smartwatches.
Lollipop- Android version 5.0-5.1
Google gave birth to another version namely Lollipop in 2014.The user interface was majorly redefined and is known as material design. In simpler terms they are referred by techies as card based arrangement. Lollipop version is no more supported by Google.
Features of Android version Lollipop
- Renewal of lock screen without support of widgets.
- This version saw improvements in Battery life
- Further, this version allowed creating multiple user accounts with guest login in smart phones.
- Additionally, the last used apps are remembered even after device restarts.
- Inclusion of 15 new languages
- Application notifications got customization options by users.
- Accessibility support increased in for example switch access.
Marshmellow- Android version 6.0
Marshmellow forms the minor release in android version names in the year 2015.The priority update happened in Nexus phones and tablets. Sadly Google does not support this version any longer.
Features of Android version 6.0
- Doze mode helps in slowing the CPU speed when the screen is off. Additionally this saves battery life too.
- Provision of contextual search
- Provision of 4k mode of display in the apps.
- Application folders became large along with many pages.
- Moreover permission requests appeared after installation or run time thereby providing individual app permissions
- Further, support was added to read finger print.
- While this version included midi support addition in music category, it removed the support to miracast.
- Do Not Disturb mode was a blessing in disguise for users who hate to be disturbed during their private times.
Rise of a new era
The further versions saw tremendous improvements which were developed based on user inputs and experience.
Nougat- Android version 7.0
Nougat was released in 2016 as one of the famous android version. The version attained its reach by the mapping of Google assistant to this version.
Features of Android version 7.0
- Emoji introduction raised the joy in users along with split screen technology.
- Furthermore, it added the potential to zoom the screen and calibrate the display color
- Inclusion of a new VR interface namely Daydream.
- Additionally, bandwidth usage can be reduced by addition of Data Saver Mode.
- Floating of apps on the home screen is result of support to multi window.
- Moreover this version saw addition of features like gesture and finger print sensor to either open or close notification shade.
Some more to the version era
Oreo- Android version 8.0
Oreo joined the league of Android version names in 2017. Ideally it was the eighth major releases given by Google.
Features of Android version 8.0
- The notable feature was achieved in the field of notification, for example in snoozing, badges, in Multi color shading.
- Secondly auto fill Framework was introduced
- Surprisingly the boot system was made two times faster compared to Nougat version
- In this version the settings could be restructured by regrouping the similar sections.
- Moreover along with support for picture in picture enhancements were made to emojis.
- Launch of lightweight operating system namely Android Oreo Go edition for devices with Ram less than 1GB was of course a benchmark feature.
- Additional visual changes were provided to power off and restart button.
- Further, version 8.1 saw API changes in shared memory and neural networks.
Pie- Android version 9
Pie is the latest android version. It was launched by Google in the year 2019. Being the ninth major version, changes were vast in the area of user interface.
Features of Android version 9
- Saw changes in the display for example realignment of clock to the left of the notification bar, display cutouts support etc
- Further redesign of Volume slider
- Introduced a new gesture based system interface. This allows user to traverse the operating system with swipe, more often than it was prevailing in the traditional user interface
- Moreover , doze can now Hibernate the user applications using adaptive battery prediction technique
- An updated version of do not disturb mode called as shush, can be activated when smart phone is faced down
- Similarly users can set a specific time to turn on do not disturb mode which in turn will convert the entire user display to grey colour.
- Additionally, adding biometric authentication to the lockdown mode made this version quite popular.
Q – Android version 10
Android 10.0 names are not yet revealed by Google. Users are waiting to scroll their hands to see the new features that will be presented in the new version .Finally it’s time to see the major features that may be out in the Android Q version which are quite under gossip.
Features of Android Q
- Users are expecting increased support for foldable phones which will become the major trend in the future.
- Users expect assistance in the field of notification Bubbles
- Furthermore, more profession of new type of permissions to access video audio or photo files and also to location in the background are expected.
Based on the utility, enhancement, support which are provided by Google in the name of Android versions, we have discussed Android version names a to z list. Hope you will find them all useful.